The urban landscape is without a doubt an evolving element. It is subject to continuous transformations due to anthropic pressure. As early as 2005, in Declaration on the Conservation of Historic Urban Landscapes, WHC-05/15.GA/7, UNESCO has begun to emphasise the need to adequately contextualise contemporary architecture in the historic urban landscape. It highlighted the importance of considering visual impact or cultural impact studies when designing modern establishments. Consequently, this project was conceived with the goal to manage the transformations for sustainable development of the UNESCO Site of Florence, while guaranteeing the integrity and enhancement of the city’s image.
The project is carried out thanks to the financial support of MiBACT L. 77/06, and a detailed, ongoing agreement between the Municipality of Florence and the Department of Architecture, Design, History, and Project of the University of Florence signed on 15 July 2011.
A total of fifty panoramic sites around the UNESCO Site of Florence have been surveyed with GPS equipment, and then have been outlined on the map on a 1:10,000 scale. Amongst these sites, eighteen that are deemed essential for defining the area of influence of the UNESCO Site, are chosen. These sites are significant for the determination of any new interventions. The Verification Points are mainly located along the scenic route, located on the hillsides around the Site.
The most significant points are in the filing phase. The process follows a simplified model prepared for the first part of the research, where there is a description of components that are representative of the scenographic dimension of the analysed prospective pictures. For every viewpoint, the included areas will be defined as close-up, first floor, second floor, third floor, stage, and background.
The elaborate thematic map will allow an adequate verification of the new interventions concerning Florence’s skyline.