FLORENCE WORLD HERITAGE
The Historic Centre of Florence was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list on December 17, 1982.
The Historic Centre of Florence as a World Heritage site is defined as “a unique artistic achievement, a masterpiece, the outcome of the continual work of creation over six centuries” (Criterion I), able to exert “a predominant influence on the development of architecture or monumental arts, first in Italy and then in Europe” (Criterion II), with its streets still preserved intact, fortified palaces (…), loggias, fountains, a marvellous bridge from the fourteenth century”, (Criterion III), which attained “economic and political power in Europe between the 14th and 17th centuries” (Criterion IV) and was involved “in events of international importance. In the sphere of the Neo-Platonic Academy, it developed the concept of the Renaissance” (Criterion VI).
The Core Zone of the site corresponds to the part of the city enclosed by the medieval wall and paths. The Buffer Zone, the area that surrounds the property and and aims to give the site a further level of pretection, includes the Municipality of Florence, the Municipality of Sesto Fiorentino, the Municipality of Fiesole, and the Municipality of Bagno a Ripoli.
Every city is a hill-top city; it is a candelabrum intended to shed light on the road of history... Of crucial importance, some cities stand protected by eternal values, dragging behind them, along the whole course of centuries and generations, historical events in which they have taken part and witnessed
Giorgio La Pira 1955